Other reasons include reducing and controlling operating costs, improving business alignment, accessing world-class capabilities, tax credits, freeing up internal resources for other purposes, streamlining or increasing the efficiency of time-consuming functions, and maximizing the use of external resources. For small businesses, procurement/outsourcing could be carried out in order to improve work-life balance. The main centres are the Czech Republic, Hungary, Portugal, Poland, Slovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Belarus, Ukraine and the Baltic States. The appeal is a cheaper skilled workforce and a less stringent regulatory environment, but most importantly, they allow for more day-to-day physical monitoring. These countries also have close cultural ties with Europe`s main economic centres, as they are part of the EU. For example, from 2020, Portugal is considered the trendiest outsourcing destination because large companies such as Mercedes, Google, Jaguar, Sky News, Natixis and BNP Paribas open development centers in Lisbon and Porto, where labor costs are lower, talent comes from excellent universities, there is an availability of skills and the time zone is GMT (the same as in London).  WebSummit has been one of the main drivers of this trend since 2017. The problem is that this is also the time when customer-side executives are most eager to seek out the promised benefits of the deal; Business unit managers and supervisors are wondering why IT service levels aren`t improving. and IT staff are wondering where they fit into this new mixed-source environment. Outsourcing is a recurring political problem in the United States that was merged with offshoring in the 2004 U.S. presidential election.
The political debate has focused on the consequences of outsourcing for the U.S. domestic workforce. Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry has called U.S. companies that outsource jobs abroad or move abroad to tax havens to avoid paying their « fair share » of U.S. taxes « Benedict Arnold Corporations. » Another cause of outsourcing failures is the rush to outsource in the absence of a good business case. Outsourcing as a cost-cutting maneuver rather than as an investment to improve capabilities, grow globally, increase agility and profitability, or boost competitive advantage is more likely to disappoint. In the context of globalization, global logistics concepts and the constant development of the Internet, it is easier than ever for companies to entrust a greater or lesser part of their process to other companies. Those who use outsourcing correctly can speed up workflows and improve their products or services, so it is possible to counter the growing global competition. Improved quality: The use of outsourcing strategies often translates into qualitative benefits. These advantages are due to the high degree of specialisation of external service providers.
Printing and post-outsourcing is the outsourcing of document printing and distribution. Forbes looks at the 2016 U.S. presidential election| 2016 U.S. presidential election] « the most disruptive agent of change for the outsourcing industry », particularly the renewed goal of « Invest in America, » which was emphasized during the election campaign. Although BPO started as a cost reduction (especially the transition to contracts based more on services than products), companies are now choosing to increasingly outsource their back office to save time and direct quality control.  Business process outsourcing increases an organization`s flexibility in a number of ways: outsourcing has become an important trend in human resources over the past decade. It is the practice of sending certain functions outside a company instead of doing them internally. More and more companies, large and small, are turning to outsourcing to grow while limiting labor and overhead costs. How can you make it work for your business? In addition, outsourcing companies often provide executive-level employees with their work teams, freeing up internal employees for other tasks. Traditionally, IT organizations have spent six months to a year or more on the IT outsourcing transaction process to find the right suppliers and negotiate a suitable contract. However, as IT departments – and increasingly contracts as a service – have become shorter, this lengthy process may no longer make sense.
While the selection process still requires care, there are more iterative transaction processes that can reduce the time it takes to obtain IT services. BPO can be an offshore outsourcing or to a neighboring country (or nearby): nearsourcing. Information Technology Enabled Service (ITES-BPO), Knowledge Process Outsourcing (KPO) and Legal Process Outsourcing (LPO) are some of the sub-segments of BPO. From a labour perspective, outsourcing can be a new threat that contributes to workers` insecurity and reflects the general process of globalization and economic polarization.  Successful outsourcing involves both relationships and actual IT services or transactions. As a result, outsourcing governance is the most important factor in the success of an outsourcing agreement. Without them, the rights carefully negotiated and documented in an outsourcing contract run the risk of not being enforced, and the relationship that develops may not look like what you imagined. Although outsourcing has been seen as a way to reduce costs and increase efficiency, it is increasingly becoming a strategic tool for businesses. The main additional expenses related to outsourcing include: While the U.S.
companies do not outsource to reduce high leadership or management costs, they primarily outsource to reduce peripheral and « non-essential » business expenses.  Other reasons include higher taxes, high energy costs, and excessive government regulations or mandates. A key feature of outsourcing that influences policy-making is the unpredictability it creates for the future of a particular sector or skill group. Uncertainty about future conditions influences governance approaches for various aspects of long-term policy. Sometimes the effect of what looks like outsourcing on one side and internalization on the other can be unexpected: the New York Times reported in 2001 that « 6.4 million Americans. worked for foreign companies from 2001, [but] more jobs are outsourced than` [vice versa].  In Europe, there are nearshore outsourcing relationships between customers in major European economies and different suppliers in small European countries. The total amount of an outsourcing contract does not accurately represent the amount of money and other resources a company will spend when sending IT services to a third party.
Depending on what is outsourced and to whom, studies show that an organization will end up spending at least 10% more than that number to set up the agreement and manage it for the long term. There are many outsourcing models, with variations by country, year and industry.   Business process outsourcing (BPO) is a subset of outsourcing in which the operations and responsibilities of a particular business process are outsourced to a third-party provider. Originally, this was associated with manufacturing companies such as Coca-Cola, which outsourced much of their supply chain.  While outsourcing has many advantages, it also has some disadvantages. BPO is generally classified into the back office and front office outsourcing.  First, make sure that the company you hire can really do the job. This means getting (and checking) references. Ask past or current customers how satisfied they are with the customer. Find out which sectors and what type of workload the company or individual is used to. Can you expect your deadlines to be met or will your small business projects be shelved if a larger customer has an emergency? For a company to effectively outsource its responsibilities, it is important to focus on both business partnership and logistics.
Outsourcing is more about relationship management than service level agreements and is a partnership, not a procurement project. Maintaining and achieving a relationship of trust is essential and more complex in outsourcing efforts than building service levels and relationships. For more information on the latest outsourcing trends, see « 7 Hot IT Outsourcing Trends – and 7 Are Getting Cold ». As a cost-saving measure, outsourcing can have a significant impact in sectors such as manufacturing. In the United States, for example, manufacturers have outsourced jobs to workers in countries like China and Bangladesh. In 2015, official statistics estimate the size of the entire outsourcing industry in China, including not only the BPO industry, but also IT outsourcing services, at $130.9 billion.  A small business may decide to outsource accounting tasks to an accounting firm, as this may be less costly than retaining the services of an in-house accountant. Other companies find outsourcing HR functions such as payroll and health insurance beneficial.
When used correctly, outsourcing is an effective strategy to reduce costs and can even give a company a competitive edge over its competitors. The Gartner Group adds in Russia, but does not specify whether it is pure research and development or ordinary IT outsourcing.  Companies can outsource IT services onshore (in their own country), nearshore (to a neighbouring country or in the same time zone) or offshore (to a more distant country). Nearshore and offshore outsourcing has traditionally been pursued to reduce costs. Nearshoring means having business processes, especially IT processes such as maintenance and development or testing applications, in a neighboring country that often shares a border with the target country. .